The exact number of Jews killed by the Germans remains controversial, though the generally accepted figure is between 5.7 million and 6 million. One of the most comprehensive estimates was prepared by Yehuda Bauer of the Yad Vashem Research Institute, which was created in 1953 by the Israeli Knesset to study the Holocaust. Bauer broke down the numbers by country this way:

Country

Number Who Died

Austria

65,000

Belgium and Luxembourg

24,700

Czechoslovakia

277,000

France

83,000

Germany

125,000

Greece

65,000

Hungary

402,000

Italy

7,500

Netherlands

106,000

Norway

760

Polish-Soviet territory

4,565,5000

Romania

40,000

Yugoslavia

60,000

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