In 1862 Abraham Lincoln created the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Back then, 90 out of every 100 Americans were farmers. Today, 2 out of every 100 Americans work as farmers. The USDA still does the same work that it did when it was first formed. This government-run organization oversees the safety of meat, poultry, and egg products. It conducts ongoing research on human nutrition and on the latest crop technologies, and also helps ensure open markets for U.S. agricultural products. When most people think about careers in the farming industry, they tend to think of farmers. Other opportunities exist including farm managers, 4-H Agents, farm instructors at a high school or college, and agricultural inspectors.