Gods and Their Attributes

Since the beginning of time, cultures around the world have honored a masculine force. The yang energy of the universe has been depicted in various guises and personalities, as individual deities with specific natures, powers, and responsibilities. The many faces of the God express qualities associated with the male archetype: strength, virility, daring, leadership skills, logic, protection, knowledge, and courage.

Here are some of the god figures found in various cultures around the world and the attributes connected with them.

Gods of the World

Name

Culture

Attributes

Adibuddha

Indian

ultimate male essence

Aengus

Irish

youth, love

Agassou

Benin

protection, guidance

Ahura Mazda

Persian

knowledge

Aker

Egyptian

gatekeeper

Anu

Babylonian

fate

Apollo

Greek

beauty, poetry, music, healing

Bes

Egyptian

playfulness

Bunjil

Australian

vital breath

Byelbog

Slavonic

forest protector

Damballah

Haitian

wisdom, reassurance

Ea

Chaldean

magick, wisdom

Ganesa

Indian

strength, perseverance, overcoming obstacles

Green Man

Celtic

fertility, nature, abundance, sexuality

Hanuman

Indian

learning

Horus

Egyptian

knowledge, eternal life, protection

Itzamna

Mayan

written communication

Lugh

Celtic

craftsmanship, healing, magick

Mars

Roman

aggression, war, vitality, courage

Mercury

Roman

intelligence, communication, trade, travel

Mithras

Persian

strength, virility, courage, wisdom

Odin

Scandinavian

knowledge, poetry, prophesy

Osiris

Egyptian

vegetation, civilization, learning

Pan

Greek

woodlands, nature, fertility

Shiva

Indian

destruction, transformation

Sin

Chaldean

time, life cycles

Thoth

Egyptian

knowledge, science, the arts

Tyr

Teutonic

law, athletics

Vishnu

Indian

preservation, stability

Zeus

Greek

authority, justice, abundance, magnanimity

Archetypes transcend nationalities and religions, appearing in various yet similar forms in many different cultures. For example, the Greek god Zeus corresponds to the Roman god Jupiter. You can see overlaps between the Egyptian god Thoth and the Greeks' Hermes. Mars and Mithras, both gods of war, were worshiped by soldiers in Rome and Persia, respectively.

On days when a witch wishes to identify with certain god-like qualities, she can ask for help from a deity who embodies those attributes. If you want to ace an exam, you could call on Mercury, Thoth, or Hermes to assist you. If you hope to overcome a formidable challenge or adversary, Ganesh is the god with whom to ally yourself. Regardless of your goal or concern, you'll find a deity who can provide the help you need.

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