Muslim Minority Communities
Muslims are instructed to respect the cultures and traditions of other people, do good, prevent harm, and help in any situation where their assistance is needed, no matter where they live. The hospitality of Muslim people is well recognized, and this kindness and generosity extends beyond borders of land or family.
Muslims are reminded in the Qur'an that the world is spacious, and people are free to travel to, and live in, a safe place. “He who forsakes his home for the sake of Allah, finds in the earth many a refuge, wide and spacious” (Qur'an 4:100). Thus, if Muslims face persecution due to their faith, they are encouraged to immigrate to a place of protection, wherever it might be. After all, it was a Christian king who gave refuge to the small, persecuted Muslim community during the early years of Muhammad's mission.
It is certainly preferable for Muslims to live in an Islamic environment with other Muslims. There, a Muslim can be assured of freedom of faith, justice, and friendship with others who share the same faith and worldview. However, it is also commendable for Muslims to live throughout the world as teachers and examples for others, or even to receive an education or earn a lawful living to support their families.
When living among non-Muslims, Muslims are obliged to abide by the laws governing the country in which they live as long as they do not violate Islamic principles. When a local law does violate Islamic principles (for example, the ban on wearing a headscarf in some jurisdictions), Muslims try to negotiate for their rights and perform acts of civil disobedience in protest. Under no circumstances is violence or anarchy permitted.