Talking about the Weather
Verbs associated with talking about the weather serve as a good example of how you can't always rely on direct translation between English and Spanish. In English, we generally use the verb “to be” to describe the weather: It's sunny. It was cold. It will be windy. In Spanish, estar may be used in some cases:
¿Cómo está el tiempo?
How is the weather?
However, a more common verb is hacer (to make):
¿Qué tiempo hace?
Literally, this question may be translated as “What (kind of) weather is made?” But the question is really asking “How is the weather?” Common answers are:
Hace mucho frío.
It's very cold.
Hace mucho calor.
It's very hot.
Another verb which may be used to talk about the weather is hay, described in the next section.