Possessive pronouns express who or what possesses the nouns they modify. Compare the following expressions in English and in Russian: agrees in gender and number with the noun that it modifies.
Keep in mind that grammatical agreement in Russian includes gender, number, and case. Adjectives change form depending on the gender of the noun they modify. They also change depending on whether the noun is singular or plural. You will learn more about cases of nouns, adjectives, and pronouns in the following chapters.
Following is a table with Russian possessive pronouns and their forms in the nominative case. Although there are many forms to remember, note that third person possessives have only one form. However, don't confuse these possessive pronouns with the accusative case of the personal pronouns he, she, it, and they that were covered in Chapter 6.
The possessive can refer either to formal you (second person singular polite) or to you all (secondperson plural).