The Genitive Plural of Nouns
The Genitive plural is used to talk about quantity or absence of countable objects.
Table 2-23Masculine noun endings in Genitive plural
Table 2-24Feminine noun endings in Genitive plural
Table 2-25Neuter noun endings in Genitive plural
Nouns that form irregular plurals in the Nominative case use the same irregular stems to form the Genitive plural. For example: doch' (daughter, nom. sing.), docheri (daughters, nom. pl.), docherej (daughters, gen. pl.).
Exercise 25: A Happy Bunch
Translate the phrases using the nouns in parentheses and one of the following words: mnogo (a lot of), gruppa (group), neskol'ko (several), korobka (box), buket (bouquet). Remember that some nouns form irregular Genitive plurals.
Exercise 26: Contradicting the Speaker
Listen to the speaker and contradict her using the “net + noun in gen. pl.” construction.
Speaker: V nebe – oblaka.
Your answer: V nebe net oblakov.
The Instrumental Case of Nouns
Nouns in the Instrumental case name the instrument by which an action is carried out. For instance, in the sentence la pishu ruchkoj (I am writing with a pen), the noun ruchka (pen) is in the Instrumental case. In Russian, no preposition is used, unlike in English. Compare: pishu ruchkoj versus “writing with a pen.”
After the preposition s (with), the Instrumental has the meaning “together with.” For example: Masha poshla v kino s Lenoj. (Masha went to the movies together with Lena. OR Lena and Masha went to the movies.) Note that Russian uses the construction “X in Nominative + preposition s + Y in Instrumental” where English uses “X and Y”. For instance, compare: “Mom and Dad went to work” and Mama s papoj poshli na rabotu. There are also a number of verbs that require the use of the Instrumental case. The most often used are rabotat' (to work [as]), stanovit'sia (to become), gordit'sia (to be proud of), byt' (to be), zanimat'sia (to be taking up [an activity]), and interesovat'sia (to be interested in).
Table 2-26Masculine noun endings in Instrumental singular
Exercise 27: How Is It Done?
Complete each sentence by choosing a matching noun from the list. Remember to put the nouns in the Instrumental case.
lozhka, vilka, ruka, poezd, samoliot, avtobus, nozh, ruchka
1. Ia pishu
2. Misha edet v Moskvu
3. Sup ediat
4. On uletel v Parizh “Aeroflota.”
5. Ia em makarony
6. Olia rezhet kolbasu
7. Zhenshchina pokazyvaet na zdanie
8. Petia ezdit na rabotu
Exercise 28: Paraphrasing
You remember that Russians use the preposition s (with) to describe groups of people. Listen to the speaker and paraphrase the sentences she is saying according to this model:
Speaker: Misha i Kolia poshli v kino.
Paraphrase: Misha s Kolej poshli v kino.
1. poekhali v Moskvu.
2. poshli v teatr.
4. poshli v shkolu.
5. igraiut v futbol.
6. poshli na progulku.
7. voshli v shkolu.
8. zashli v muzej.
Exercise 29: Reading the Story
Read the text and fill in the blanks with the appropriate nouns from the list. The nouns are given in their dictionary form, so remember to put them in the correct case.
professiia, inzhener, balerina, khudozhnik, kosmonavt, balet, iskusstvo Kogda Dashe bylo 10 let, ona interesovalas'