Adjective-Noun Agreement in the Nominative Case

Russian adjectives, like Russian nouns, consist of a stem and an ending. The stem is the part of the word that does not change. Ending is the part of the word that changes according to gender, number, and case. The adjectives you find in dictionaries are singular masculine adjectives in the Nominative case. In order to agree this adjective with feminine, neuter, plural nouns, or nouns in cases other than Nominative, you have to change its ending.

In Nominative singular, Russian masculine adjectives end in -yj, -ij, or -oj. Feminine adjectives end in -aia or -iaia. Neuter adjectives end in -oe or -ee. In Nominative plural, all adjectives have the endings -ye or -ie.

Exercise 1: Changing the Adjective

Make the adjectives feminine, neuter, and then plural.

Exercise 2: Agreeing Adjectives with Nouns

Use each adjective in parenthesis and make it agree with the noun. Remember that in Russian, like in English, adjectives precede nouns.

1. kniga (khoroshij)

2. chelovek (molodoj)

3. okno (bol'shoj)

4. muzhchina (khudoj)

5. gorod (chistyj)

6. plat'e (sinij)

7. devushka (vysokij)

8. ploshchad' (tsentral'nyj)

9. den' (korotkij)

10. noch' (letnij)

Exercise 3: Geography

Combine adjectives from Group 1 with nouns from Group 2 to form famous geographical and architectural proper names. You may use the same word several times. There are as many as ten famous proper names consisting of these words. How many can you figure out? Remember to agree adjectives with nouns.

Group 1. chiornyj, belyj, krasnyj, zhioltyj, tikhij, baltijskij, miortvyj, mramornyj, kitajskij

Group 2. ploshchad', more, okean, stena

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Exercise 4: Recognizing Plural Adjectives

TRACK 29

Listen to the speaker and complete the phrases by writing down the plural adjectives. At the end of each phrase, write down the masculine singular form of the used adjective.

Example:

Speaker: dobrye liudi

Your answer: dobrye liudi; dobryj

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