Adjective-Noun Agreement in the Nominative Case
Russian adjectives, like Russian nouns, consist of a stem and an ending. The stem is the part of the word that does not change. Ending is the part of the word that changes according to gender, number, and case. The adjectives you find in dictionaries are singular masculine adjectives in the Nominative case. In order to agree this adjective with feminine, neuter, plural nouns, or nouns in cases other than Nominative, you have to change its ending.
In Nominative singular, Russian masculine adjectives end in -yj, -ij, or -oj. Feminine adjectives end in -aia or -iaia. Neuter adjectives end in -oe or -ee. In Nominative plural, all adjectives have the endings -ye or -ie.
Exercise 1: Changing the Adjective
Make the adjectives feminine, neuter, and then plural.
Exercise 2: Agreeing Adjectives with Nouns
Use each adjective in parenthesis and make it agree with the noun. Remember that in Russian, like in English, adjectives precede nouns.
1. kniga (khoroshij)
2. chelovek (molodoj)
3. okno (bol'shoj)
4. muzhchina (khudoj)
5. gorod (chistyj)
6. plat'e (sinij)
7. devushka (vysokij)
8. ploshchad' (tsentral'nyj)
9. den' (korotkij)
10. noch' (letnij)
Exercise 3: Geography
Combine adjectives from Group 1 with nouns from Group 2 to form famous geographical and architectural proper names. You may use the same word several times. There are as many as ten famous proper names consisting of these words. How many can you figure out? Remember to agree adjectives with nouns.
Group 1. chiornyj, belyj, krasnyj, zhioltyj, tikhij, baltijskij, miortvyj, mramornyj, kitajskij
Group 2. ploshchad', more, okean, stena
Exercise 4: Recognizing Plural Adjectives
Listen to the speaker and complete the phrases by writing down the plural adjectives. At the end of each phrase, write down the masculine singular form of the used adjective.