The Third Mode—Phrygian
Using the C-Major scale as an example, when you play that scale from its third note and complete it you get the E-Phrygian mode. The notes of this mode are E, F, G, A, B, C, D. As a scale, this resembles E minor (E, F, G, A, B, C, D); the only difference is that the F is lowered to F. So, you can say the Phrygian mode is a minor mode with the second tone lowered one half step. Using the minor scale fingerings, you just lower the second note one fret. FIGURE 10-3 shows E Phrygian with a root on the sixth string.
You do the same to the fifth string fingering in FIGURE 10-4, lowering the second note one fret.
Because the modes refer to specific tones in the major and minor scales, start thinking about the numbers of the scale tones as you play them. When you practice, be aware of what number you're on.
Since Phrygian is a minor type mode, you can use it anywhere a minor scale would work. The Phrygian mode is frequently used in the music of Spain, so you may have a tinge of “Spanish” color to the scale. Because of its association with the music of Spain, this mode is less frequently used in modern music, but it does come in handy, so learn it and use it when you feel it fits.