Kidney and Bladder Reflexes
There is one more area to complete: the reflexes for the urinary system. On the bottoms of both feet there are reflexes for the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. The reflex for the kidney on the right foot is slightly lower thanon the left. In the body, the kidneys are attached to the back wall of the abdomen, sitting just about at the waistline.
The Kidney Reflex
You will work on the right foot, as the technique is the same on both feet. Refresh your memory on the location of the adrenal reflex. Hold the foot with the right hand and thumb walk toward the adrenal reflex with the left thumb. Work on the waistline as you thumb walk toward the centerline. Stop at the adrenal reflex, letting the thumb sit on the reflex and the waistline.
Imagine the little kidney-bean shape superimposed on the foot, some above and some below the waistline. Keep cupping the foot at the heel with the right hand. Free the fingers of the left hand, as they are going to move over and around the foot. Keeping the left thumb on the reflex, swing the fingers over the top of the foot.
The fingers have moved from the dorsal surface, over the toes, to gently grasp the inner side of the foot, from the plantar side. You are now looking at the top of the palm of the left hand. The fingers are wrapped around the toes, resting on the dorsal surface, so you cannot see them.
FIGURE 15-2 Thumb walk across the waistline into the kidney reflex, and rotate on the point before thumb walking down to the bladder reflex.
The left thumb is flat on the sole, resting completely on the foot. The kidney reflex is this entire area under the thumb, above and below the waistline. (See FIGURE 15-2.) Gently rotate the thumb in, press, and hold. Do not apply excess pressure, as this is a sensitive area.
People are many sizes and shapes, so people have slightly different areas for placement of internal organs. A tall, slimly built person may have a greater portion of the kidneys below the waist, whereas in a short, tiny person, the kidneys may sit above the waist. The body is the same yet individually unique.
The Bladder Reflex
The ureter is connected to the kidney; it is a passageway for urine to the bladder. The thumb is gently resting on the kidney reflex. Look at the foot for a moment, visualizing the path the next reflex will take. From the kidney reflex, thumb walk down diagonally to the lower inner edge of the foot, by the sciatic line. Watch as the area here begins to pop out; this will tell you that you're working the reflex correctly!
When the thumb reaches the edge of the foot, there is a slight bulge of the fatty tissue area; this is the bladder reflex. Using your right thumb, gently circle and thumb walk on this region. Thumb walk gently in all directions on this reflex, then softly flutter off.
The containment, recycling, and elimination of waste is a cooperative effort within the body. The kidneys, skin, lungs, liver, gastrointestinal tract, and blood share in the function of waste management.
Nephrons are the functional units of the kidneys. Each kidney holds approximately a million of these filtration units. Nephrons deal with filtering, reabsorbing, and secreting blood and blood plasma.
Proper disposal of waste substances promotes balance in the body. The kidneys and other supporting structures of the urinary system are crucial in maintaining homeostasis, and are responsible for the following functions:
Maintaining correct water balance
Maintaining correct mineral balance
Regulating blood pressure
Filtering the blood
Regulating extracellular fluid