Captain William Kidd's ship.
Greek brothers Aruj and Hizir. Two of the most famous Barbary Corsairs who pirated against the Christians during the early 1500s.
See Black Sam Bellamy.
Prolific Welsh pirate who terrorized the Caribbean during the Golden Age. Known for his successful plundering and flashy attire. See Bartholomew Roberts.
Also known as Edward Teach. Notorious Golden Age pirate renowned for his devilish appearance and rule-by-fear tactics.
Black Sam Bellamy:
British pirate active in the Caribbean during the Golden Age. Captain of the
Plantation owner turned pirate who purchased his own ship. He was hanged in 1718.
Irish pirate who was partnered with Calico Jack in the Caribbean during the Golden Age.
Braziliano, Roche (Rock or Rok):
Cruel Dutch pirate who sailed with Francois L'Ollonais throughout the Spanish Main during the 1660s.
Dutch sailor turned pirate who allegedly murdered his mistress's husband and later killed himself after she murdered their infant son.
Evil villain of J.M. Barrie's 1911 novel
Cheng, I Sao:
Asian pirate during the early 1800s who took command of over 50,000 pirates when her husband died. Often called Mrs. Cheng.
Choi San, Lai:
Known as Queen of the Macao Pirates, she commanded pirates and a dozen junks in the waters surrounding Hong Kong during the 1920s.
Mediterranean pirates who primarily sailed off the southern coast of Turkey during the first century B.C.
Cobham, Eric and Maria:
Mythical husband and wife pirates whose acts over two decades were particularly outrageous and violent.
British housewife turned pirate during the late 1500s.
English buccaneer and navigator during the 1600s, who circumnavigated the world three times.
Dutch pirate of the early seventeenth century who was known as “Captain Devil.”
Welsh pirate during the early 1700s, whose career lasted only a year.
De Soto, Benito:
Exceptionally cruel Portuguese pirate during the 1820s and 1830s.
De Veenboer, Suleyman Reis:
Dutch Barbary Corsair during the 1600s.
Drake, Sir Francis:
Privateer to Elizabeth I during the 1500s. A vice-admiral in the British navy, he later sailed around the world. Cousin to Sir John Hawkins.
Irish pirate during the 1700s who captained the Fancy, was marooned, and died a beggar.
Eustace the Monk:
A Medieval monk turned pirate during the 1200s.
Prolific and brutal English pirate during the late 1600s, who had a London stage play based on his exploits.
Flail of the Spaniards:
See Francois L'Ollonais.
Privateer for Elizabeth I who turned to piracy against the Spanish. Known for returning to England with “fool's gold.”
Gilbert, Don Pedro
American pirate during the 1830s known for his cruelty and for being the last pirate to commit acts of piracy in the Atlantic.
Greaves, Red Legs:
Well-respected Scottish pirate of the Golden Age who in later years was known for his charitable deeds.
Grenville, Sir Richard:
Privateer for Elizabeth I during the late 1500s who plundered Spanish towns and galleons in the Azores.
Gertrude Imogene Stubbs. A mythical Canadian pirate who preyed upon steamboats in British Columbia in the early 1900s.
Possibly mythical French buccaneer turned pirate Louis le Golif, who lost one buttock to cannon fire and who may or may not have penned his own memoirs.
Hawkins, Sir John:
British slaver and pirate who served under Elizabeth I during the mid- to late 1500s in the Spanish Main and the Caribbean. Cousin to Sir Francis Drake.
Hawkins, Sir Richard:
Son of John Hawkins and privateer for Elizabeth I during the late 1500s.
Heyn, Pieter (Piet):
Dutch pirate who in 1628 at age fifty-one captured an entire treasure convoy off Cuba.
Renowned fictional bewigged pirate featured in J.M. Barrie's legendary
Privateer turned pirate during the 1700s who served as mentor to Edward Teach.
One-legged Dutch privateer for the Dutch West Indies Company during the 1630s and 1640s. Nicknamed
Scottish privateer turned pirate during the 1700s, whose alleged buried treasure has never been found.
Killigrew, Lady Mary:
English pirate and wife of the Vice-Admiral of Cornwall during the late 1500s.
French pirate and smuggler of the 1800s who based his operations in New Orleans.
Le Clerc, Francois:
French privateer known throughout the Caribbean as
Le Golif, Louis:
Born Jean David Nau. One of the most cruel and sadistic pirates known. Based in Tortuga, he was dubbed
English pirate during the 1720s who is known for being one of the most sadistic pirates on record.
Scottish pirate active during the 1720s.
One of the earliest groups of sea raiders, active around the fourteenth century B.C.
Menendez, Pedro de Avilles:
Spanish nobleman and pirate hunter active in the Spanish Main during the 1500s.
Notorious Welsh buccaneer of the 1600s who became the “greatest of the Brethren of the Coast.”
English naval officer and buccaneer during the 1600s who mentored Henry Morgan.
Nau, Jean David:
See Francois L'Ollonais.
Irish pirate during the mid- to late 1500s, she was nicknamed “Mother of All Rebellions.”
Queen Anne's Revenge:
Blackbeard's revered flagship, which has been found off the North Carolina coast.
Rackham, Calico Jack:
Golden Age pirate who was noted for having two women aboard his ship — Anne Bonny and Mary Read.
Raleigh, Sir Walter:
Tumultuous privateer who served under Elizabeth I during the late 1500s. Half-brother to Sir Humphrey Gilbert.
Notorious Golden Age pirate who served with Calico Jack Rackham and Anne Bonny during the 1700s. Her alter ego was Mark Read.
See Black Bart.
Former English privateer who served as governor of New Providence starting in 1718.
Rupert, Prince of the Rhine:
German royal turned pirate during the 1600s who survived his career to become an English governor.
Dutch privateer who fought against the Spanish during the 1620s.
Tribes who banded together as pirates and terrorized the east coast of the Mediterranean sea during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries B.C.
See Cutlass Liz.
Silver, Long John:
One-legged fictional pirate of Robert Louis Stevenson's
Notoriously brutal pirate who committed torturous acts in the 1720s aboard his ship,
Stubbs, Gertrude Imogene:
See Gunpowder Gertie.
American pirate who became a privateer for Bermuda in the early 1690s.
Van Haarlem, Jan Janszoon:
Also known as Murad Reis. Ruthless Dutch Barbary Corsair during the 1600s.
British pirate during the 1700s who was known for his cruelty.
A maritime guild of pirates that wreaked havoc in the Baltic Sea from the late twelfth century until the mid-fourteenth century.
Norse pirates who ruled the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas starting in 789 A.D.
American pirate active during the late 1700s.
Samuel “Black Sam” Bella-my's ship, and the first known pirate vessel in U.S. waters to be salvaged.