Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder in young people today, affecting an estimated 3 to 5 percent of school-age children. ADHD is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. These children struggle with a lack of inhibition and an excess of activity. The similarities between ADHD and OCD include the child's tendency to make repetitive motions and talk incessantly. Both OCD and ADHD children are at higher risk to develop the motor and vocal tics associated with Tourette's syndrome.
One important difference between OCD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is their customary course of treatment. Whereas CBT, a form of behavior modification psychotherapy, is the preferred first method of treatment for OCD, followed by an SSRI antidepressant, children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder more often receive a stimulant medication (examples are Adderal and Ritalin) and less frequently participate in CBT.