What Is Dyslexia?
dys·lex·ia (dis lek'sē ə) ▶ n. 1. a learning difficulty primarily associated with problems with written language such as reading, writing, spelling, and in some cases, working with numbers, stemming from naturally occurring variations in brain structure and function.
Dyslexia is a learning disability that primarily affects one's ability to learn to read and develop a strong understanding of language. It's more than just a problem with reading; your child may also have difficulties with oral communication, organizational skills, following instructions, and telling time.
Sometimes the symptoms can be extremely variable. For example, your child may have problems learning basic math facts and doing arithmetic; on the other hand, he may have a special aptitude for geometry and advanced mathematics. He may be physically clumsy or have poor motor coordination or he may be especially athletic and talented at sports.
Dyslexia is far more prevalent than was once believed. In fact, dyslexia may affect one out of five children in the classroom setting. It is estimated that 15 percent of the population has reading difficulties.
While dyslexia may present certain difficulties to children, it also seems to be associated with many strengths and talents. Your child could be highly imaginative and may excel in art, music, or drama. He might be a good problem-solver, and may be especially good with solving jigsaw puzzles, working with Legos, or playing games of strategy. It's possible that you may have noticed he's handy around the house and has a knack for fixing broken toys and other objects.