As you read, some of the risk factors may sound similar to the predictors that were already mentioned, but there's an important distinction between the two. Predictors indicate only that a child might be depressed if he is thinking, feeling, and acting certain ways. Risk factors are those known entities that almost always put children at a greater risk for developing poor self-esteem and depression. Many of these events or situations are outside of the child's control. Add to the lack of control the fact that many children have poor coping skills to manage such things and depression is likely to occur.