You will probably find that reforms change in a cyclical nature over time. What was once out of favor is now the hottest reform around. Many veteran teachers meet the latest reform ideas with skepticism because they have already experienced a previous version of that reform firsthand. The truth is that reforms in and of themselves will not change the issues with education. No matter what educational system a school adopts, only parents and teachers working together can actually make a difference.
Reforms come in many varieties. Schools may try to restructure their programs through various reforms, such as placing a greater emphasis on cooperative learning, using alternative assessments as opposed to traditional tests to determine grades, or grouping students by ability instead of age in the lower grades and by career opportunities or interests in the higher grades. Schools also have invested a great deal of effort and money reorganizing class schedules. They have manipulated the length of class periods and have changed the entire calendar in an attempt to give students a better educational experience.
Realize that the field of education is always going through changes. Many teachers are fearful of change and do not want to move out of their comfort zone. If you would like to learn how to alter the way you look at change, read
Reducing class size is one reform that many schools have not been able to try because of budget constraints. Despite the evidence that smaller classes can be more effective, it is difficult to get the funding to build extra schools, hire new teachers, and run the facilities each day.
Some educational reformers have decided to shift the emphasis from fixing public education to providing students with opportunities to leave public schools through a voucher program. It's believed that this will help eliminate the funding issues while giving students more choices and control over their education.