Future Active Participles
English has present active and perfect passive participles as does Latin. English does not, however, have any future participles. As you might expect, the tense value of future participles is relative to the main verb. In the case of future participles, the reference is to an action that happens after the main verb.
Future active participles are easy to form and recognize. They are first/second declension adjectives (no tricks!) formed by adding –ū rus to the stem of the supine. They are easy to spot if you remember –ū r us — future. Also, future active participles are all made the same way regardless of conjugation.
|timeī , timē re, timuī , — —||no future active participle|
|ferī , ferre, tulī , lā tum||lā tū rus, –a, –um|
|(supine stem lāt–)|
|videī , vidē re, vī dī , vī sum||vī sū rus, –a, –um|
|(supine stem vīs–)|
|sum, esse, fuī , futū rus||futū rus, –a, –um|
The future active participle usually bears an idea of intention, or that something is just about to happen (after the main verb, of course). It is most often seen in a construction called the active periphrastic. This construction consists of the future active participle plus a form of the verb sum.
In forum itū rī erā mus, cum … We were about to go to the marketplace, when … We were going to go to the marketplace, when … We intended to go to the marketplace, when …