This chapter introduces you to some useful expressions and adverbs that can be used to negate sentences. Just as in English, there are plenty of expressions that can be used, some of which can be tricky. We will also take a close look at the particles ci and ne, the very useful and tricky construction of Da quanto tempo (since when?), and the gerund. Though some of these are pretty straightforward, others are a little more difficult to master. Nothing that lots of practice can't take care of!