Nouns are people, places, and things. There are all different kinds of nouns. Some name general items like dogs. Others name specific people, places, or things. Some nouns describe ideas or ownership. And some nouns are rebels! They just don't have any need to fit in, spelling-wise. From now on, refer to them as irregular nouns. Their spelling is out of sorts, and their patterns don't fit too many of the basic rules in Chapter 2. Though these crazy words can be frustrating to spell, you need to accept these oddball words and try and learn how to spell them.
After careful research, it's been discovered that the spelling of all these irregular words is not quite as strange or difficult as first thought. Some of the words can even be grouped together to make better sense of them and see their patterns. With that in mind, let's get started. It's time to be a detective and examine these words closely.
Most of these verbs are irregular, but four have snuck in that don't belong. Can you tell which ones they are?
SIT OR SET
Sometimes it can be confusing when to use certain verbs. Sit means “to rest or occupy a seat.” Set means “to put or lay” something. Sit in a chair and set the book down.
Mistakes to A-v-o-i-d
Tricky Collective Nouns
Be careful! Some nouns start out plural. They are called collective nouns, and they name a group of things or people. Some examples of collective nouns are staff, group, department, and jury. Because these words describe more than one thing already, you don't ever change their forms. The staff might gather in the library, or the jury might listen to a case. Under the right circumstances, these nouns can be plural. For example, there might be two juries in the courthouse listening to cases.
Some forms of plural nouns are so peculiar, they get a chapter of their own. Chapter 6 tells you everything you need to know about spelling these special nouns, whether there are one or 100 of them! If you're curious about them, in a nutshell, these nouns completely change forms, like louse and lice.
Always the Same
Some nouns never change forms. They like staying the same, no matter what. One example of this type of noun is the word deer. Deer stays deer, whether you have one or a whole herd roaming around your backyard. Finally, some words change spelling, but only the middle vowels are different. For example, foot becomes feet and one tooth becomes many teeth.