States and Capitals and Holidays

All city and country names are always capitalized. Here is a double dose for you: a list of all fifty states and their capitals, all spelled correctly — and capitalized! Because it's a good way to organize them, they are all alphabetized.

Our Country's Capital

Washington, D.C., is the capital of the United States. The D.C. stands for District of Columbia. It was named in honor of George Washington and Christopher Columbus. It became a capital on December 1, 1800. It has its own bird (the Wood Thrush), its own flower (the American Beauty Rose), and its own tree (the Scarlet Oak).

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland

Montgomery Juneau Phoenix Little Rock Sacramento Denver Hartford Dover Tallahassee Atlanta Honolulu Boise Springfield Indianapolis Des Moines Topeka Frankfort Baton Rouge Augusta Annapolis

Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Boston Lansing St. Paul Jackson Jefferson City Helena Lincoln Carson City Concord Trenton Santa Fe Albany Raleigh Bismarck Columbus Oklahoma City Salem Harrisburg Providence Columbia Pierre Nashville Austin Salt Lake City Montpelier Richmond Olympia Charleston Madison Cheyenne

Celebrate!

Americans have many fun holidays to celebrate. These special days are capitalized. Here is a list of common holidays that are celebrated in the United States. Do you have a favorite holiday? Wouldn't it be fun if your birthday was a holiday, too? Everyone should get the day off on their birthday!

• New Year's Day

• Martin Luther King Jr Day

• Presidents' Day

• Valentine's Day

• Saint Patrick's Day

• Easter

• Memorial Day

• Independence Day

• Labor Day

• Halloween

• Thanksgiving

• Christmas

What are your favorite holidays? Do you like a special holiday that wasn't listed, such as Arbor Day? In your journal, try writing a sentence about your favorite holiday. Here's a sentence starter: My favorite holiday is — — because . — — Take care to spell the holiday correctly.

Try This

Pick a State

Pick two states, any two states, and concentrate on them for the week. Learn their spelling, their capitals, and one interesting fact about them.

Mistakes to A-v-o-i-d

Capitalize the Day

Did you notice that on some holidays the word day is also capitalized? Don't forget to capitalize both words in a holiday when you are writing about it.

What to Do with Seasons

Don't capitalize seasons. Spring, summer, fall, and winter are always lowercase unless they're at the beginning of a sentence.

More Days

And although nobody gets excited about Monday or even Tuesday, all days of the week are capitalized, too. So are months of the year. Add the days of the week and the months of the year to your spelling chart or notebook.

Try This

Design a Calendar

Create a calendar. Gather twelve sheets of paper, one for each month. On each, either make a grid or print out ready-made calendar pages on your computer. After you have your blank calendar grids ready to go, start filling them in. This activity will give you a lot of practice writing days of the week, months of the year, and holidays. Don't forget to add your birthday to the very important days!

Days of the Week

Sunday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Months of the Year

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Here's an example that illustrates the rules of capitalization: The fourth Thursday in November is everyone's favorite fall holiday, Thanksgiving.

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