What does it take to be a great scientist? Think of the most famous scientists you know — Isaac Newton, Louis Pasteur, Albert Einstein, Thomas Edison, Pierre and Marie Curie, Stephen Hawking, and so on. What do all these people have in common? Well, for one thing, they — re all very smart. In some cases they even taught themselves most of what they knew about their particular subject. In fact, Sir Isaac Newton had to invent a new branch of mathematics (calculus) just to solve the problems he was trying to do in physics. There is something else they all had in common that set them apart from the other smart people of their time — their ability to ask questions.
Just having a good brain isn't always enough. To be a great scientist, you need to be able to look at a problem that hundreds, maybe even thousands, of people have already looked at and been unable to solve, and ask the question in a new way. Then you take that question and come up with a new way to answer it. That is what made Newton and the others so famous. They coupled intelligence with a curiosity that said, “I want to know the answer to this.” After coming up with the right questions, they discovered ways of answering those questions and ultimately became famous for their discoveries.
Could you be the next Thomas Edison and invent something the world has waited for, or the next Isaac Newton and answer a question no one has been able to answer? Absolutely! To do it requires something all kids have naturally and many grownups wish they still had — curiosity.
This book will help you to tap into that curiosity by introducing you to five major areas of science — Biology, Chemistry, Physics, the Earth and Sky, and the Human Body. You will be presented with several questions that will help you to begin thinking like a scientist. Perhaps you've asked some of these questions before; for example, why is the sky blue? Some of them will probably be new to you.
Since asking the right question is only the first step toward being a great scientist, this book will also guide you in completing the second step: the experiment. Following each question there will be an experiment that will help you discover for yourself some of the mystery and magic of science. There are three different types of experiments offered in this book — simple activities you can do quickly, larger and more complex experiments, and science fair projects.