The Highest, Coldest, Largest, Deepest, Longest, and Hottest in Africa
Are you ready for an adventure? We're going to visit all the extremes in this incredible continent.
First, we travel to El Azizia in Libya, where the highest temperature ever recorded was 136 degrees. The coldest spot in South Africa is the town of Sutherland, in the western Roggeveld Mountains. Temperatures in winter can go as low as -5 degrees.
Next we go over to Egypt and the Nile, the longest river in the world at 4,132 miles. Heading south to Uganda and Tanzania, we can dive into Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake at 26,560 square miles and the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. If you stand close enough to Victoria Falls, you can feel the spray from the largest waterfall in Africa, with a total height of 360 feet and a width of 1 mile.
At Tanzania's border with Kenya, we can climb Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's largest mountain at 19,341 feet. The Drakensberg Mountains are the highest in Southern Africa, rising to a height of 11,422 feet.
That was quite an adventure! But our trip around all the landforms of Africa would not be complete without visiting the Great Rift Valley. Starting in Lebanon and extending south to Mozambique, the Valley is made up of separate valleys and fault lines that include the Rift Valley Lakes, such as Lake Tanganyika. It runs 3,700 miles in length. Scientists have found early human bones and artifacts in its eastern branch, near Kenya and Ethiopia.