The Christian College Movement
Though the original universities and other higher educational institutions were begun to serve their understanding of Jesus, many, like Oxford in England, Harvard in New England, and the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia (founded with financial support by Great Awakening evangelist John Whitefield) moved away from a Christian worldview once a secular humanist one was being widely accepted in academic circles. American evangelicals have attempted to counter this trend by establishing new Christ-centered (evangelical) colleges and universities.
According to the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, only 102 American colleges are Christ centered. These member institutions are listed, along with associate members, in Appendix C: Evangelical Christian Institutions.
How many American colleges are religious?
According to United States Department of Education figures, there are over 4,000 degree-granting higher educational institutions in the country, 1,600 of which are private nonprofit institutions, and 900 describe themselves as religiously affiliated.