Irregular Preterite Verbs
Before we go any further, let's review some more verbs that have irregular conjugations in the preterite. You already learned a number of completely irregular preterite verbs in Chapter 9:
e > i
Now, let's practice a bit. Listen to the questions with irregular e > i preterite verbs on Track 69. Answer each question using the same verb. You can find the transcript and sample answers in Appendix D.
Remember that this change only occurs in verbs that end in
Remember that there are shifts in meaning with the verbs
Other verbs present significantly more irregular changes. You saw in Chapter 9 that the stem of
You also remember that
Answer the questions on Track 70 using irregular preterite verbs. Then check your work in Appendix D where you'll find a complete transcript as well as sample answers.
Another category of irregular verbs in the preterite is formed by
Remember that, unlike regular verbs in the preterite, irregular verbs in the preterite are not stressed — and do not have an accent — on the last syllable of the first- and third-person singular conjugations.
Practice with Irregular Preterite
Let's practice the irregular preterite by translating the following sentences into Spanish. You can check your work with the model answers in Appendix D.
Juan asked me for the car keys and drove to Granada.
Marta and Elena didn't hear the explanation, but they read their guidebook.
I don't know where I put my purse.
The concierge suggested a flamenco club and the friends got tickets for that night.
I didn't bring a dress, but your friend gave me a pretty skirt.
Practice makes perfect, and that is certainly the key to mastering the regular and irregular preterite verb conjugations. Keep a running list of what you and your friends and family did during each day for about a week and you'll internalize many of these forms.