Two More Ways to Be: Hacer and Tener
Next, let's review how you talk about the weather using the verb
The verb hacer generally means “to do” and “to make.” Obviously, the weather expressions with hace don't have these meanings nor can they be translated literally into English. You can also use hace with certain expressions of time to say how long someone has been doing something or how long it's been since something happened.
Pay close attention to the uses of ser, estar, hacer, and tener. Though they all can mean “to be” in English, they are by no means interchangeable. In fact, your message may be misunderstood if you use the wrong verb with some of these expressions. In some cases, it might be embarrassing. For example, if you wanted to say you felt cold but said Soy frío instead of Tengo frío, you would actually be communicating that you were heartlessly cold, and no one would think you were referring to the temperature!
Practice: Ser, Estar, Hacer, or Tener?
Now it's time to practice a bit with these ways of “being” by translating the following. Write the Spanish translation for each on the blank line. You can check your answers in Appendix D.
Alberto is from Ecuador.
It's hot in Quito today.
I feel hot.
Julia is thirsty.
The coffee is cold.
ustedes) aren't happy.
It's not sunny in Santiago.
Are you (
They are nice people.