Pets are an important part of many families. In the United States, the American Pet Association estimates that the number of pet dogs and cats alone is almost 140 million. Pets fill roles as devoted friends, surrogate children, personal assistants, even therapists. As a pet owner, there are choices people can make to take pet ownership to a greener level and give back to their pet. This chapter offers information on ways you can choose and raise pets while helping the environment.