Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that manifests itself in recurring seizures that are caused by abnormal electrical patterns in the brain. Epilepsy in dogs can be inherited from affected parents; acquired due to environmental factors such as viral infections, nutritional disorders, toxic reactions, or head injury; or idiopathic, with no known cause.

This five-year-old female leaps into the water. Goldens love to swim and it's great exercise.

The length and severity of epileptic seizures can vary. Some dogs have one mild seizure occasionally with no ill side effects, while others have frequent, thrashing, severe muscle spasms along with a loss of consciousness and often involuntary urination and defecation. The onset of heritable epilepsy is six months to three years old, with attacks occuring more commonly at night than during the day. Some dogs experience lingering side effects of seizures, including disorientation and disturbances in vision and cognitive ability.

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