Changing Dative Nouns to Pronouns

You have already learned how to change nominative and accusative nouns to pronouns. The same idea is used when changing dative nouns to pronouns. The key to making the change correctly is identifying the gender of the noun. If the noun is masculine or neuter, change the pronoun to ihm. If the noun is feminine, change the pronoun to ihr. And if the noun is plural, change the pronoun to ihnen. You already know that a noun combined with ich (mein Vater und ich) is replaced by wir. Therefore, if the noun/ich phrase is in the dative case, change it to the pronoun uns. Let's look at some examples. Listen to your CD for the German pronunciation.

Table 9-5. Pronouns in the Dative Case

Notice that the dative forms of Sie and sie (pl.) are identical except for the capitalization of Sie and Ihnen.

Some example sentences with dative pronouns as indirect objects:

  • Er gibt ihr ein Geschenk. (He gives her a gift.) (To whom? Her.)

  • Wir kaufen ihm einen Hut. (We buy him a hat.) (For whom? Him.)

  • Ich bringe dir ein Glas Bier. (I bring you a glass of beer.) (To whom? You.)

  • Sie geben mir den Teller. (They give me the plate.) (To whom? Me.)

Listen to your CD for the German pronunciation of the following sentences that contain dative nouns and pronouns.

Table 9-6. Replacing Dative Nouns with Pronouns

Noun in the Dative Case Pronoun Replacement for the Dative Noun Ich gebe dem Kind einen Bleistift. Ich gebe ihm einen Bleistift. (I give him a pencil.) Sie tanzt mit meinem Vater. Sie tanzt mit ihm. (She is dancing with him.) Mark wohnt bei seiner Tante. Mark wohnt bei ihr. (Mark lives with her.) Er kaufte den Kindern Schokolade. Er kaufte ihnen Schokolade. (He bought them chocolate.) Sie bekommt einen Brief von Hans und mir. Sie bekommt einen Brief von uns.(She receives a letter from us.)
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