Types of Arthritis
There are many forms of arthritis and they can affect individuals of all ages. According to the Arthritis Foundation, the three most often identified and discussed are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form and results from the breakdown of cartilage in the joints. Without cartilage, the bone rubs on bone, which results in pain and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis results from the inflammation of the synovium, a layer of tissue around the joint. This inflammation can cause damage to the joint over time and results in chronic pain and disability. Juvenile arthritis is any form of arthritis that occurs in children under 18 years of age.
Women are afflicted with rheumatoid arthritis three times more often than men. The onset can occur at any age, but most often affects those between 40 and 50 years old. This form of arthritis is extremely painful and disabling, and if not treated properly can lead to a loss of mobility.