Where Is Your Emergency Station?
Any workplace that involves potential eye injuries such as working with corrosive, irritating, toxic, or tissue-damaging materials needs to be equipped with an emergency eyewash station to protect you from serious eye damage or blindness. Workplaces that have potential chemical, biological, or radiological hazards need to be equipped with emergency shower stations. All other workplaces need to have a central emergency location where emergency supplies are located. The station or area should include the following:
Emergency phone numbers
The location of a fire-alarm manual pull-station posted
Two portable fire extinguishers
Flashlights and batteries
Approved power strips and extension cords
A portable AM/FM radio with batteries and emergency radio or walkie-talkie
A laboratory spill kit if needed
All workers need to be educated about any onsite hazards such as flammable materials, toxic chemicals, radioactive sources, or water-reactive substances. Also, someone needs to be the designated “in charge” person during work hours.
Your workplace first-aid kit should have the essential items outlined in Chapter 1 in quantities sufficient for the numbers of people employed, as well as the following items:
1 or more large, absorbent compresses
16 or more 1″ × 3″ adhesive bandages
Several rolls of adhesive tape
Smelling salts or ammonia inhalants
10 or more packets of povidone-iodine
A dozen pairs of medical-exam gloves (latex and nonlatex)
4 or more sterile pads
1 large triangular bandage
1 eye patch
1 ounce of eye wash
1 chemical cold pack
2″-wide roller bandages
3″-wide roller bandages
CPR barrier device
Where Is Your AED?
Learning to use the AED should also be a part of your emergency protocol, planning, and training. According to OSHA, cardiac arrest causes 15 percent of workplace fatalities, and 40 percent of these lives could be saved with the use of an AED within five minutes of arrest. Having an AED that can be reached in two or three minutes by every location of your workplace is a matter of life and death.
CPR rescue attempts that use an AED improve survival rates by as much as 49 percent, according to the American Heart Association. That's why it's critical to have access to an AED particularly in locations with large population groups and in homes where family members have serious health problems particularly heart disease.