Nausea and Vomiting
Everyone experiences nausea and vomiting from time to time that usually goes away quickly and can be managed at home, usually with medicine to decrease the nausea and fluid replacement for dehydration. Fluid rehydration also usually helps correct any electrolyte imbalance, which may in turn stop the vomiting.
First Aid for Nausea and Vomiting
Take the following steps to treat nausea and vomiting:
Hydrate with clear liquids (clear soup, broth, juice, herbal tea) beginning with small sips and increasing to four to eight ounces at a time, or one ounce or less at a time for children.
Avoid milk and other dairy products that may worsen nausea and vomiting.
After tolerating clear liquids, begin to eat soft, plain food such as oatmeal and yogurt.
Give children oral rehydration solutions such as Pedialyte and Rehydrate.
Avoid cola, tea, fruit juice, and sports drinks because they don't adequately replace fluid or electrolytes.
Avoid plain water, as it does not contain electrolytes and can dilute electrolytes in a dehydrated body and cause an imbalance that may lead to seizures.
If you are not able to keep fluids down, you must seek medical attention so that you can be rehydrated with an IV.
The World Health Organization has established this recipe for fluid rehydration. Mix two tablespoons of sugar or honey (only use honey for one year of age and older), one-fourth teaspoon of plain table salt, and one-fourth teaspoon of baking soda in one quart of clean or bottled water. Use this as you would any other rehydrating fluid.