Guanajuato is a feast for the senses, a living museum of a colonial gem 6,700 feet up in the mountains six hours northwest of Mexico City. Brimming over with romantic ambiance, Guanajuato, capital of the state of Guanajuato, is one of Mexico's truly beautiful cities. The charm of secluded courtyards, white walls accented by wrought-iron balconies, red tile roofs gleaming in the sun, and recessed windows guarded by ornate metal filigree will take you back to the days of the conquistadors. During the peak of its silver mining industry, Guanajuato ranked as one of the wealthiest cities in the world. Today, the city's architecture shows evidence of that wealth.