Riso and Hudson chose the Individualist for type Four. Palmer and Daniels selected the Romantic. Others have called this type the Artist and the Original Person. In this book, type Four is dubbed the Creative Seeker, primarily because Fours are typically creative artistic personalities who spend their lives seeking the real identity they suppressed as children. Fours are also constantly searching for ways to express their deepest feelings, particularly the bittersweet melancholy they secretly cherish.
Sensitive, idealist, and creative, Fours are the Enneagram's artists — if not literally then temperamentally. They seek the solutions to all of their problems within their own feelings and tend to be introspective types, drawn to both beauty and tragedy and the expression of beauty and tragedy through art. They possess a refined sense of the aesthetic and can be demanding and uncompromising about their personal vision of a project or pursuit. They are also easily wounded by criticism. Not surprisingly, they are drawn to the arts, but any creative endeavor has its appeal.
A pathological Four turns her darkest feelings inward and is in danger of becoming highly self-destructive — even alarmingly masochistic. Unhealthy Fours may spend copious amounts of time wallowing in their self-created sense of hopelessness and acting as if they hate themselves. However, when the Four has a balanced personality, he is able to use his inner turmoil to face the world squarely and then contribute his creativity by completing beautiful art with an original point of view.
Famous personalities that reflect the Four enneatype include Diane Arbus, Charles Baudelaire, Leonard Cohen, Marlon Brando, Kurt Cobain, Eric Clapton, Judy Garland, Johnny Depp, Bob Dylan, Jack Kerouac, Billie Holiday, John Malkovich, Edgar Allan Poe, Anne Rice, Vincent Van Gogh, and fictional characters such as Blanche DuBois and Hamlet.
Fours are artistic, expressive, discerning, unique, melancholy, self-absorbed, withdrawn, and elitist. Their secret fear is that they really aren't special after all, and they seek to hide their contempt for anyone who has less discerning sensibilities. Despite their elitist attitude, they struggle with envy, mostly in desiring things or people that are not interested in them or that gave up on them long ago.