Beginning in the 1950s, medications that eased the symptoms of emotional disorders were developed. Today, medications are often the first type of treatment prescribed. Presently, there are a host of drugs used for the treatment of anxiety disorders, such as tranquilizers and antidepressants. As mentioned earlier, a multidimensional approach to treating anxiety is best, possibly including therapy, lifestyle changes, and other methods as well as medication. This chapter describes the most common drugs in use, along with their side effects.