The United States Chess Federation
The United States Chess Federation (USCF) was established in 1939 to advance the role of chess in the United States. The USCF serves as the governing body for chess in American society and promotes the study and knowledge of chess. It also organizes tournaments, sanctions thousands of tournaments, and rates over a half-million games each year. Top events include the U.S. Championship, U.S. Women's Championship, U.S. Amateur Championship, U.S. Junior Championship, and U.S. Senior Championship. The USCF publishes the U.S. Chess Federation's Official Rules of Chess for chess play in the United States and sponsors American player participation in international events such as the World Chess Olympiad and the World Chess Championship. The USCF is the official sanctioning body for American players who want to qualify to compete in FIDE events.
Chess was one of the first three sports to form a national organization in the United States, which was the second nation to form a national chess organization. Paul Morphy of New Orleans was the first American to be recognized as the world's best player, and Bobby Fischer was the first American to win the official title of world chess champion.
Under the auspices of the USCF, players of all strengths, from novice to grandmaster, can play chess in any number of ways—OTB (over the board), correspondence chess, or online (computer chess through the Internet)—although for competitive purposes, the USCF only recognizes OTB and correspondence chess.
There are also magazines and Web sites available for every conceivable subgroup in chess: problems, correspondence chess, speed chess, specific openings, grandmaster game collections, history, and chess set collections are a few of the subjects available.
The USCF is a national organization built up from the grassroots. State organizations and regional organizations oversee a lot of chess activity, and local clubs and individuals contribute a great deal to its health as an organization. Many state organizations and even some chess clubs have their own magazine and Web sites, which are a wonderful complement to the USCF's own magazines, Chess Life and School Mates, and its Web site,