The Months and Seasons

The months or os meses in Portuguese are very easy to learn because they sound a lot like their English equivalents. See the following list below:

TRACK 46

The Months

Portuguese

English

janeiro

January

fevereiro

February

março

March

abril

April

maio

May

junho

June

julho

July

agosto

August

setembro

September

outubro

October

novembro

November

dezembro

December

Notice that the months are not written in capital letters, as they are in English. All except the first of the month — É primeiro de agosto (It's the first of August) — are expressed with the verb são as in São vinte e seis de julho (It's July 26th). Also notice that even though the day in English is expressed in ordinal numbers (first, second, 26th, and so on), they are normal cardinal numbers in Portuguese. And, the day comes first, followed by the month, which is how you might answer the question Que dia é hoje? (What day is today?).

The months are usually associated with seasons, and since Brazil is below the equator, these happen in different months as compared to the United States. See below.

TRACK 47

The Seasons in Brazil

Season

English

Months

o verão

the summer

dezembro, janeiro, fevereiro

o outono

the fall

março, abril, maio

o inverno

the winter

junho, julho, agosto

a primavera

the spring

setembro, outubro, novembro

Since parts of Brazil are very tropical, the changing of the seasons is not nearly as evident as in countries such as the United States or Canada. In fact, sometimes in the northeastern parts of Brazil there is basically a raining or monsoon season, followed by a drought or dry season. When traveling abroad to countries below the equator, always check with the available online resources to find out which “season” they are in.

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