Positive Versus Negative

Comparing the positive versus the negative words is a good way to understand the differences in Portuguese and English. Here is a list of these expressions:

Positive Versus Negative Words

Positive

Negative

alguma coisa, algo (something)

nada (nothing)

alguém (somebody)

ninguém (nobody)

em algum lugar (somewhere)

em lugar nenhum (nowhere)

sempre (always)

nunca, jamais, em tempo algum (never)

também (also)

também não ([not] either neither)

(already)

ainda não (not yet)

ainda (still yet)

não… mais (not anymore)

Exercise: Positive to Negative

Change all the positive sentences into negative ones. Use the words that you just learned above. Check your answers in Appendix C.

MODEL: Eu vi o filme. (I already saw the movie.)

Eu ainda não vi o filme. (I did not see the movie yet.)

  • Eu já fui no banco. (I already went to the bank.)

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  • Você ainda tem medo de avião. (You are still afraid of planes.)

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  • Tem alguém na sala. (There is someone in the room.)

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  • Eles estão fazendo alguma coisa. (They are doing something.)

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  • Elas sempre vão ao supermercado. (They always go to the supermarket.)

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Exercise: Negative to Positive

Change all the negative sentences into positive ones.

  • Eles não encontraram nada em casa. (They did not find anything at home.)

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  • Eu não vi ninguém na festa. (I didn't see anybody at the party.)

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  • Nós não o vimos em lugar nenhum. (We did not see him anywhere.)

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  • Você jamais telefona à noite. (You never call at night.)

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  • Eu ainda não terminei o capítulo. (I did not finish the chapter yet.)

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