Verbs with Prepositions

Some verbs that end in — ar have prepositions that normally go with them. It is possible that they do not correspond to the same prepositions, or that they even need those prepositions in English. Here are a selected few:

TRACK 52

Verbs that Need Prepositions

Portuguese

English

chamar de

to call [someone or something a name]

entrar em

to enter

gostar de

to like

olhar para

to look at

precisar de

to need

It should be noted that the use of chamar de is not as common as the more frequent of chamar-se, the reflexive verb used to introduce oneself. In the latter, you don't need a preposition, just the reflexive pronoun as in Como você se chama? (What do you call yourself?) and Eu me chamo José (I call myself José). Also important is the fact that the prepositions often “contract” with articles to make up some interesting words:

Ele entra num carro. [em + um = num] (He gets into a car.)

Elas gostam da música. [de + a = da] (They like the music.)

Eu preciso dum lápis. [de + um = dum] (I need a pencil.)

Exercise: Conjugate the Verb

Try your hand at this exercise for prepositional verbs in Portuguese. Conjugate the verb in parentheses and make any changes needed. Check your answers in Appendix C.

Model: Você (gostar de) a aula de português? (Do you like the Portuguese class?) > Você gosta da aula de português?

  • Ele (precisar de) o dicionário. (He needs the dictionary.)

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  • Você (chamar) essa fruta (de) laranja? (You call this fruit an orange?)

    _______________________________________________________

  • Eles (gostar de) a comida. (They like the food.)

    _______________________________________________________

  • Os alunos (entrar em) a biblioteca. (The students enter the library.)

    _______________________________________________________

  • Eu não (entrar em) um banco sem documentos. (I don't enter a bank without documents.)

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