Mesopotamian priests connected the sun, moon, and planets with specific divine beings, believing that each represented one facet of the universe's order and structure. Slowly these ideas spread into Greece, Egypt, Syria, and India, often carried with merchants and traders along with their goods.
The earliest surviving horoscope appeared around 410
Aristotle's efforts were not to be without results. Three centuries later, Greek physician and writer Galen (
Alexandrian astronomer Ptolemy (second century
Early astrology focused mostly on creating effective sky maps for travel, farming, and folk remedies rather than predicting the future. The concept of natal astrology wasn't introduced until 5
What does “born on the cusp” mean?
The dates given for a person's sun sign aren't perfectly exact. The time when the sun enters a specific sign changes slightly from year to year. Being born on the cusp means being born on the very day that the sun is shifting into a new realm of influence, say from Aquarius to Pisces. Most astrologers feel that cusp-born individuals often display aspects of both signs in their birthday personology.
Nearly every culture had is own system of astrology or celestial predictions. In Islamic tradition, for example, the stargazer was known as the Murajjim. It was this person's sacred duty to teach children how to pray for a “true star” that would govern the child's future. To accomplish this, the Murajjim employed the assistance of a complex tool composed of ciphers and degrees, appearing something like a compass. A complete prediction would be finalized by the end of the inquiry.
Astrological correspondences were originally based on a five-planet system consisting of Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn (the visible planets at the time). Astrologers also based their observations on the moon and its phases for things like planting cycles (a tradition that was still common even in 1920).