Who's Who in the American Revolution

Adams, Abigail (1744–1818)

Wife of John Adams and second First Lady of the United States

Adams, John (1735–1826)

Patriot leader, member of the First and Second Continental Congresses, diplomat and negotiator of the Treaty of Paris, Vice President 1789–1797, President 1797–1801

Adams, Samuel (1722–1803)

Patriot leader, organizer of the Sons of Liberty, instigator of the Boston Tea Party, member of the First and Second Continental Congresses, Governor of Massachusetts

Arnold, Benedict (1741–1801)

Brilliant American field commander in Canada and at Saratoga; betrayed his country in 1780 and ended the war fighting for the British

Brant, Joseph (1743–1807)

Mohawk leader and British officer, important British military commander on the northern frontier, later dreamed of uniting all Native Americans to resist American expansion

Burgoyne, John (1722–1792)

British general, commanded the British invasion from Canada in 1777; defeated and captured with his army at Saratoga

Carleton, Guy (1724–1808)

British general and governor of Canada, defeated the American invasion of 1775–1776, British Commander in Chief in America 1782–1783

Clark, George Rogers (1752–1818)

Conquered the Old Northwest for the United States

Clinton, Henry (1738–1795)

British general, British Commander in Chief in America 1778–1782, conqueror of Charleston in 1780

Cornwallis, Charles (1738–1805)

British general, victorious at Camden and Guilford Courthouse, defeated and captured at Yorktown in 1781, later Governor General of India and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland

Dickinson, John (1732–1808)

Patriot leader, author of important critiques of British policy, member of the First and Second Continental Congresses, prime drafter of the Articles of Confederation, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, signed the Constitution

Franklin, Benjamin (1706–1790)

American statesman and diplomat, member of the Second Continental Congress, helped Jefferson draft the Declaration of Independence, American envoy to France, negotiator of the Treaty of Paris, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, signed the Constitution

Gage, Thomas (1719–1787)

British general, British Commander in Chief in America at the outbreak of the American Revolution

Gates, Horatio (1727–1806)

American general, victorious at Saratoga in 1777, defeated at Camden in 1780

George III (1738–1820)

King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760 until his death; ardently supported the policy of returning the American colonies to obedience by force

Greene, Nathanael (1742–1786)

American general, one of Washington's ablest and most trusted subordinates, appointed commander of American forces in the south in 1780; liberated most of the Carolinas in a brilliant campaign, contributing significantly to the American victory in the war

Hamilton, Alexander (1755–1804)

American officer, aide to Washington, congressman, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, coauthor of the Federalist papers, Secretary of the Treasury 1789–1795

Hancock, John (1737–1793)

Patriot leader, President of the Second Continental Congress, first signer of the Declaration of Independence, Governor of Massachusetts for nine terms

Hector, Charles, comte d'Estaing (1729–1794)

French admiral, successfully campaigned in the Caribbean and cooperated with the Americans in Rhode Island and at Savannah; executed during the French Revolution

Henry, Patrick (1736–1799)

Patriot leader, famous orator, member of the Second Continental Congress, Governor of Virgina, opposed ratification of the Constitution, supported the Bill of Rights

Howe, William (1729–1814)

British general, British Commander in Chief in America 1775–1778, repeatedly victorious against Washington in battle but failed to quell the American rebellion

Hutchinson, Thomas (1711–1780)

American loyalist; as Royal Governor of Massachusetts he supported British policy in America; moved to Great Britain in 1774 and never returned home

Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1826)

American statesman, member of the Second Continental Congress, drafter of the Declaration of Independence, Governor of Virginia, drafter of the Land Ordinance of 1784, Minister to France, Secretary of State 1789–1793, Vice President 1797–1801, President 1801–1809

Jones, John Paul (1747–1792)

Father of the United States Navy, victor in the famous engagement of the Bon Homme Richard against the Serapis in 1779

Knox, Henry (1750–1806)

American officer, Washington's chief of artillery, Secretary of War under the articles of Confederation 1785–1789, Secretary of War under President Washington 1789–1794

Lee, Richard Henry (1732–1794)

Patriot leader, member of First and Second Continental Congresses, introduced the resolution calling for independence, President of Congress 1784–1785, opposed ratification of the Constitution and supported the Bill of Rights, Senator 1789–1792

Madison, James (1751–1836)

American statesman, member of the Second Continental Congress, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, so influential in the adoption of the Constitution that he is known as the “Father of the Constitution,” signer of the Constitution, coauthor of the Federalist papers, Congressman 1789–1797, proposed the ten amendments to the Constitution that became the Bill of Rights, Secretary of State 1801–1809, President 1809–1817

Morgan, Daniel (1736–1802)

American general, notable leader of riflemen at the invasion of Canada and at Saratoga, innovative tactician and victor at Cowpens in 1781, member of Congress 1797–1799

Morris, Robert (1734–1806)

Leading American financier of the revolution, successful merchant, member of the Second Continental Congress, signer of the Declaration of Independence, signer of the Articles of Confederation, Superintendent of Finance 1781–1783, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, signer of the Constitution, Senator 1789–1795

Motier, Gilbert du, Marquis de Lafayette (1757–1834)

French aristocrat who served as an American general, served under Washington; defended Virginia in 1781, later a hero of the French Revolution and drafter of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

North, Frederick, 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732–1792)

British Prime Minister 1770–1782, attempted unsuccessfully to conciliate and then to subdue the American colonies

Paine, Thomas (1737–1809)

American pamphleteer, author of Common Sense and The American Crisis, later a supporter of the moderate, early phase of the French Revolution

Paul, Francois Joseph, comte de Grasse (1722–1788)

French admiral; his success at the Battle of the Chesapeake in 1781 made possible the victory at Yorktown; defeated and captured at the Battle of the Saintes in 1782

Pitt, William, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708–1778)

British statesman; as Secretary of State (1757–1761) he masterminded British victory in the Seven Years' War and the expansion of the British Empire; British Prime Minister 1766–1768

Steuben, Friedrich von (1730–1794)

German volunteer who became the drillmaster of Washington's army in 1778, greatly improving its efficiency; appointed Inspector General 1778, served with Washington at Monmouth, served in the south 1780–1781; with Washington at Yorktown

Sullivan, John (1740–1795)

American general; delegate to the Second Continental Congress; participant in the failed Canadian campaign; captured at Long Island; served with Washington at Trenton, Princeton, and the Philadelphia campaign; commanded in the unsuccessful Franco-American Rhode Island Campaign of 1778; commanded the Sullivan expedition against the Iroquois in 1779; member of Congress 1780–1781; Governor of New Hampshire

Tarleton, Banastre (1754–1833)

British cavalryman and commander, able opponent of American partisans in the south, known for his ruthlessness, defeated at Cowpens in 1781; after the war stayed in the army and served in Parliament

Vimeur, Jean-Baptiste Donatien de, comte de Rochambeau (1725–1807)

French general, commanded French army in America, played a key role in the Yorktown campaign, imprisoned during the French Revolution but survived the Terror

Washington, George (1732–1799)

American general and statesman, member of the First and Second Continental Congresses, Commander in Chief of American forces during the American Revolution, presided over the Constitutional Convention, signed the Constitution, President 1789–1797

Wayne, Anthony (1745–1796)

American general, served in the unsuccessful invasion of Canada, served with Washington in the Philadelphia campaign and at Monmouth, victor at Stony Point 1779, served in Virginia 1781 and Georgia 1782, member of Congress 1791, defeated the Western Indian Confederacy at Fallen Timbers 1794, negotiated the Treaty of Greenville 1795

  1. Home
  2. American Revolution
  3. Who's Who in the American Revolution
Visit other About.com sites: